Publications/ Patents

Research Publications

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1.     Tan, I. K. P., K. Sudesh Kumar, M. Theanmalar, S. N. Gan, B. Gordon III. (1997) Saponified palm kernel oil and its major free fatty acids as carbon substrates for the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates in Pseudomonas putida PGA1. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 47(3):207-211.  Link

2.     Sudesh, K., T. Fukui, Y. Doi. (1998) Genetic analysis of Comamonas acidovorans polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase and factors affecting the incorporation of 4-hydroxybutyrate monomer. Appl. Environ. Microbial. 64(9):3437-3443. Link

3.     Sudesh, K., T. Fukui, K. Taguchi, T. Iwata, Y. Doi. (1999) Improved production of poly(4-hydroxybutyrate) by Comamonas acidovorans and its freeze-fracture morphology. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 25(1-3):79-85. Link

4.     Sudesh, K., H. Abe, Y. Doi. (2000) Synthesis, structure and properties of polyhydroxyalkanoates: biological polyesters. Prog. Polym. Sci. 25(10):1503-1555. Link

5.     Sudesh, K., Y. Doi. (2000) Molecular design and biosynthesis of biodegradable polyesters. Polym. Adv. Technol. 11(8-12):865-872. Link

6.     Sudesh, K., T. Fukui, T. Iwata, Y. Doi. (2000) Factors affecting the freeze-fracture morphology of in vivo polyhydroxyalkanoate granules. Can. J. Microbiol. 46(4):304-311. Link

7.     Sudesh, K., K. Taguchi, Y. Doi. (2001) Can cyanobacteria be a potential PHA producer? RIKEN Rev. No. 42:75-76. Link

8.     Su, F., T. Iwata, K. Sudesh, Y. Doi. (2001) Electron and X-ray diffraction study on poly(4-hydroxybutyrate). Polymer. 42(21):8915-8918. Link

9.     Sudesh, K., Z. Gan, A. Maehara, Y. Doi. (2002) Surface structure, morphology and stability of polyhydroxyalkanoate inclusions characterised by atomic force microscopy. Polym. Degradation Stab. 77(1):77-85. Link

10.  Sudesh, K., K. Taguchi, Y. Doi. (2002) Effect of increased PHA synthase activity on polyhydroxyalkanoates biosynthesis in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 30(2):97-104. Link

11.  Sudesh, K, Z. Gan, K. Matsumoto, Y. Doi. (2002) Direct observation of polyhydroxyalkanoate chains by atomic force microscopy. Ultramicroscopy. 91(1-4):157-164. Link

12.  Sudesh, K. (2004). Microbial polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs): an emerging biomaterial for tissue engineering and therapeutic applications. Med. J. Malaysia. 59 Suppl. B:55-56. Link

13.  Sudesh K, L. L. Few, M. N. M. Azizan, M. I. A. Majid, M. R. Samian, N. Najimudin. (2004) Biosynthesis and characterization of polyhydroxyalkanoate blends accumulated by Pseudomonas sp. USM 4-55. J. Biosci. 15(2):15-28. (NA)

14.  Amirul, A. A, B. Y. Tay, C. W. Chang, M. N. M. Azizan, M. I. A. Majid, K. Sudesh. (2004) Biosynthesis and characterization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) produced by an Alcaligenes sp. USM2-4 isolated from environmental samples. J. Biosci. 15(2):125-135. (NA)

15.  Lee, W.-H., M. N. M. Azizan, K. Sudesh. (2004) Effects of culture conditions on the composition of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) synthesized by Comamonas acidovorans. Polym. Degradation Stab. 84(1):129-134. Link

16.  Sudesh, K., A. Maehara, Z. Gan, T. Iwata, Y. Doi. (2004) Direct observation of polyhydroxyalkanoate granule-associated-proteins on native granules and on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) single crystals by atomic force microscopy. Polym. Degradation Stab. 83(2):281-287. Link

17.  Abedi, H., Mir Mohammad Sadeghi, H., Jafarian, A., Lamei, H., Agus, J., Sudesh, K., Abe, H., Doi, H., Zhang, G., Hang, X., Green, P., Ho, K.P., Chen, G.Q. (2004). PCR cloning of type II polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis genes from two Pseudomonas strains. Biotechnology. 6(4):1645-1650. (NA)

18.  Yew, S. P, M. H. Jau, K. H. Yong, R. M. M. Abed, K. Sudesh. (2005) Morphological studies of Synechocystis sp. UNIWG under polyhydroxyalkanoate accumulating conditions. Malays. J. Microbiol. 1(1):48-52. Link

19.  Kikkawa, Y., M. Narike, T. Hiraishi, M. Kanesato, K. Sudesh, Y. Doi, T. Tsuge. (2005). Organization of polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase for in vitro polymerization as revealed by atomic force microscopy. Macromol. Biosci. 5(10):929-935. Link

20.  Jau, M.-H., S.-P. Yew, P. S. Y. Toh, A. S. C. Chong, W.-L. Chu, S.-M. Phang, N. Najimudin, K. Sudesh. (2005) Biosynthesis and mobilization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] by Spirulina platensis. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 36(3):144-151. Link

21.  Hiraishi, T, Y. Kikkawa, M. Fujita, Y. M. Normi, M. Kanesato, T. Tsuge, K. Sudesh, M. Maeda, Y. Doi. (2005) Atomic force microscopic observation of in vitro polymerized poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate]: insight into possible mechanism of PHB granule formation. Biomacromolecules. 6(5):2671-2677. Link

22.  Normi, Y. M., T. Hiraishi, S. Taguchi, K. Sudesh, N. Najimudin, Y. Doi. (2005) Site-directed saturation mutagenesis at residue F420 and recombination with another beneficial mutation of Ralstonia eutropha polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase. Biotechnol. Lett. 27(10):705-712. Link

23.  Taguchi, K., Taguchi, S,.  Sudesh, K., Maehara, A., Tsuge, T., Doi, Yoshiharu. (2005). Metabolic Pathways and Engineering of Polyhydroxyalkanoate Biosynthesis. Biopolymers Online: Biology. Chemistry, Biotechnology. Application. Doi 10.1002/3527600035.bpol3a07. Link

24.  Normi, Y. M., T. Hiraishi, S. Taguchi, H. Abe, K. Sudesh, N. Najimudin, Y. Doi. (2005) Characterization and properties of G4X mutants of Ralstonia eutropha PHA synthase for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. Macromol. Biosci. 5(3):197-206. Link

25.  Loo, C.-Y., W.-H. Lee, T. Tsuge, Y. Doi, K. Sudesh. (2005) Biosynthesis and characterization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) from palm oil products in a Wautersia eutropha mutant. Biotechnol. Lett. 27(18):1405-1410. Link

26.  Yew, S.-P, H.-Y. Tang, K. Sudesh. (2006). Photocatalytic activity and biodegradation of polyhydroxybutyrate films containing titanium dioxide. Polym. Degradation Stab. 91(8):1800-1807. Link

27.  Sridewi, N., K. Bhubalan, K. Sudesh. (2006) Degradation of commercially important polyhydroxyalkanoates in tropical mangrove ecosystem. Polym. Degradation Stab. 91(12):2931-2940. Link

28.  Loo, C.-Y., K. Sudesh. (2007). Biosynthesis and native granule characteristics of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) in Delftia acidovorans. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 40(5):466-471. Link

29.  Siew, E. L, N. F. Rajab, A. B. Osman, K. Sudesh, S. H. Inayat-Hussain. (2007). In vitro biocompatibility evaluation of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) copolymer in fibroblast cells. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. Part. A. 81(2):317-325. Link

30.  Loo, C.-Y., K. Sudesh. (2007). Polyhydroxyalkanoates: Biobased microbial plastics and their properties. Malays. Polym. J. 2(2):31-57. Link

31.  Sudesh, K., C.-Y. Loo, L.-K. Goh, T. Iwata, M. Maeda. (2007). The oil-absorbing property of polyhydroxyalkanoate films and its practical application: A refreshing new outlook for an old degrading material. Macromol. Biosci. 7(11): 1199-1205. Link

32.  Lee, W. H., M. N. M. Azizan, K. Sudesh. (2007) Magnesium affects poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) content and composition by affecting glucose uptake in Delftia acidovorans. Malays. J. Microbiol. 3(1):31-34. Link

33.  Amirul, A. A., A. R. M. Yahya, K. Sudesh, M. N. M. Azizan, M. I. A. Majid. (2008) Biosynthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) copolymer by Cupriavidus sp. USMAA1020 isolated from Lake Kulim, Malaysia. Bioresour. Technol. 99(11):4903-4909. Link

34.  Ying, T. H., D. Ishii, A. Mahara, S. Murakami, T. Yamaoka, K. Sudesh, R. Samian, M. Fujita, M. Maeda, T. Iwata. (2008) Scaffolds from electrospun polyhydroxyalkanoate copolymers: fabrication, characterization, bioabsorption and tissue response. Biomaterials. 29(10):1307-1317. Link

35.  Sudesh, K., B.-Y., Tay, C.-Y. Lee. (2008) Occurrence of poly(hydroxyalkanoate) in the gut homogenate of a phylogenetically higher termite: Macrotermes carbonarius. Can. J. Chem. 86(6):512-515. Link

36.  Kek, Y.-K., W.-H. Lee, K. Sudesh. (2008) Efficient bioconversion of palm acid oil and palm kernel acid oil to poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) by Cupriavidus necator. Can. J. Chem. 86(6):533-539. Link

37.  Toh, P. S. Y., M.-H. Jau, S.-P. Yew, R. M. M. Abed, K. Sudesh. (2008) Comparison of polyhydroxyalkanoates biosynthesis, mobilization and the effects on cellular morphology in Spirulina platensis and Synechocystis sp. UNIWG. J. Biosci. 19(2):21-38. Link

38.  Lee, W.-H, C.-Y. Loo, C. T. Nomura, K. Sudesh. (2008) Biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate copolymers from mixtures of plant oils and 3-hydroxyvalerate precursors. Bioresour. Technol. 99(15):6844-6851. Link

39.  Bhubalan, K., W.-H. Lee, C.-Y. Loo, T. Yamamoto, T. Tsuge, Y. Doi, K. Sudesh. (2008) Controlled biosynthesis and characterization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) from mixtures of palm kernel oil and 3HV-precursors. Polym. Degradation Stab. 93(1):17-23. Link

40.  Sudesh, K., T. Iwata. (2008) Sustainability of biobased and biodegradable plastics. Clean Soil Air Water. 36(5-6):433-442. Link

41.  Sato, S., Y. Ono, Y. Mochiyama, E. Sivaniah, Y. Kikkawa, K. Sudesh, T. Hiraishi, Y. Doi, H. Abe, T. Tsuge. (2008) Polyhydroxyalkanoate film formation and synthase activity during in vitro and in situ polymerization on hydrophobic surfaces. Biomacromolecules. 9(10):2811-2818. Link

42.  Siew, E. L., N. F. Rajab, A. B. Osman, K. Sudesh, S. H. Inayat-Hussain. (2009) Mutagenic and clastogenic characterization of poststerilized poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) copolymer biosynthesized by Delftia acidovorans. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. Part A. 91(3): 786-794. Link

43.  Abed, R. M. M., S. Dobretsov, K. Sudesh. (2009) Applications of cyanobacteria in biotechnology. J. Appl. Microbiol. 106(1):1-12. Link

44.  Vigneswary, S., S. Vijaya, M. I. A. Majid, K. Sudesh, C. S. Sipaut, M. N. M. Azizan, A. A. Amirul. (2009) Enhanced production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) copolymer with manipulated variables and its properties. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 36(4):547-556. Link

45.  Amirul, A. A., A. R. M. Yahya, K. Sudesh, M. N. M. Azizan, M. I. A. Majid. (2009) Isolation of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) producer from Malaysian environment using γ-butyrolactone as carbon source. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25(7):1199-1206. Link

46.  Ng, W.-K., C.-B. Koh, K. Sudesh, A. Siti-Zahrah. (2009) Effects of dietary organic acids on growth, nutrient digestibility and gut microflora of red hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis sp., and subsequent survival during a challenge test with Streptococcus agalactiae. Aquac. Res. 40(13):1490-1500. Link

47.  Arsad, H., K. Sudesh, N. Najimudin, T. S. Tengku Muhammad, H. Wahab, M. R. Samian. (2009) Cloning and characterisation of (R)-3-hydroxyacyl-acyl carrier protein coenzyme A transferase gene (phaG) from Pseudomonas sp. USM 4-55. Trop. Life Sci. Res. 20(2):1-14. Link

48.  Tan, Y., P.-C. Neo, N. Najimudin, K. Sudesh, T. S. T. Muhammad, A. S. Othman, R. Samian. (2010) Cloning and characterization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) biosynthesis genes from Pseudomonas sp. USM 4-55. J. Basic Microbiol. 50(2):179-189. Link

49.  Toh, P. S. Y., S.-P. Yew, K.-H. Yong, K. Sudesh, R. M. M. Abed. (2010) Phototactic motility of Synechocystis sp. UNIWG (Cyanobacteria) from brakish environment. J. Phycol. 46(1):102-111. Link

50.  Tay, B.-Y., B. E. Lokesh, C.-Y. Lee, K. Sudesh. (2010) Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) accumulating bacteria from the gut of higher termite Macrotermes carbonarius  (Blattodea: Termitidae). World J. Microbiol.   Biotechnol. 26(6):1015-1024. Link

51.  Bhubalan, K., D.-N. Rathi, H. Abe, T. Iwata, K. Sudesh. (2010) Improved synthesis of P(3HB-co-3HV-co-3HHx) terpolymers by mutant Cupriavidus necator using the PHA synthase gene of Chromobacterium sp. USM2 with high affinity towards 3HV. Polym. Degradation Stab. 95(8):1436-1442. Link

52.  Ng, K.-S., W.-Y. Ooi, L.-K. Goh, R. Shenbagarathai, K. Sudesh. (2010) Evaluation of jatropha oil to produce poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) by Cupriavidus necator H16. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 95(8):1365-1369. Link

53.  Bhubalan, K., Y. C. Kam, K. H. Yong, K. Sudesh. (2010) Cloning and expression of the PHA synthase gene from a locally isolated Chromobacterium sp. USM2. Malays. J. Microbiol. 6(1):81-90. Link

54. Kek, Y.-K., C.-W. Chang, A.-A. Amirul, K. Sudesh. (2010) Heterologous expression of Cupriavidus sp. USMAA2-4 PHA synthase gene in PHB¯4 mutant for the production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and its copolymers. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 26(9):1595–1603. Link

55.  Chee, J.-Y., Y. Tan, M.-R. Samian, K. Sudesh. (2010) Isolation and characterization of a Burkholderia sp. USM (JCM15050) capable of producing polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) from triglycerides, fatty acids and glycerols. J. Polym. Environ. 18(4):584–592. Link

56.  Lau, N.-S., J.-Y. Chee, T. Tsuge, K. Sudesh. (2010) Biosynthesis and mobilization of a novel polyhydroxyalkanoate containing 3-hydroxy-4-methylvalerate monomer produced by Burkholderia sp. USM (JCM15050). Bioresour. Technol. 101(20):7916-7923. Link

57.  Chia, K.-H., T.-F. Ooi, A. Saika, T. Tsuge, K. Sudesh. (2010) Biosynthesis and characterization of novel polyhydroxyalkanoate polymers with high elastic property by Cupriavidus necator PHB¯4 transformant. Polym. Degradation Stab. 95(12):2226-2232. Link

58.  Ong, Y. T., A. L. Ahmad, S. H. S. Zein, K. Sudesh, S. H. Tan. (2011) Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)-functionalised multi-walled carbon nanotubes/chitosan green nanocomposite membranes and their application in pervaporation. Sep. Purif. Technol. 76(3):419-427. Link

59.  Sridewi, N., L.-T. Tan, K. Sudesh. (2011) Solar photocatalytic decolorization and detoxification of industrial Batik dye wastewater using P(3HB)-TiO2 nanocomposite films. Clean Soil Air Water. 39(3):265-273. Link

60. Lau, N.-S., T. Tsuge, K. Sudesh. (2011) Formation of new polyhydroxyalkanoate containing 3-hydroxy-4-methylvalerate monomer in Burkholderia sp. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 89(5):1599-1609. Link

61. Sudesh, K., K. Bhubalan, J.-A. Chuah, Y.-K. Kek, H. Kamilah, N. Sridewi, Y.-F. Lee. (2011) Synthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate from palm oil and some new applications. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 89(5):1373-1386. Link

62. Pan, P., M. Fujita, W.-Y. Ooi, K. Sudesh, T. Takarada, A. Goto, M. Maeda. (2011) DNA-functionalized thermoresponsive bioconjugates synthesized via ATRP and click chemistry. Polymer. 52(4):895-900. Link

63. Bhubalan, K., J.-A. Chuah, F. Shozui, C. J. Brigham, S. Taguchi, A. J. Sinskey, C. Rha, K. Sudesh. (2011) Characterization of the highly active polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase of Chromobacterium sp. strain USM2. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 77(9):2926-2933. Link

64. Kunasundari, B., K. Sudesh. (2011) Isolation and recovery of microbial polyhydroxyalkanoates. Express Polym. Lett. 5(7):620-634. Link

65. Ng, K.-S., Y.-M. Wong, T. Tsuge, K. Sudesh. (2011) Biosynthesis and characterization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) copolymers using jatropha oil as the main carbon source. Process Biochem. 46(8):1572-1578. Link

66. Saika, A., Y. Watanabe, K. Sudesh, H. Abe, T. Tsuge. (2011) Enhanced incorporation of 3-hydroxy-4-methylvalerate unit into biosynthetic polyhydroxyalkanoate using leucine as a precursor. AMB Express. 1:6 doi: 10.1186/2191-0855-1-6 Link

67.  Sridewi, N., Y.-F. Lee, K. Sudesh. (2011) Simultaneous adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of malachite green using electrospun P(3HB)-TiO2 nanocomposite fibers and films. Int. J. Photoenergy. Art. No. 597854 doi: 10.1155/2011/597854 Link

68.  Ling, S. C., T. Tsuge, K. Sudesh. (2011) Biosynthesis of novel polyhydroxyalkanoate containing 3-hydroxy-4-methylvalerate by Chromobacterium sp. USM2. J. Appl. Microbiol. 111(3):559-571. Link

69.  Chee, J.-Y., N.-S. Lau, M.-R. Samian, T. Tsuge, K. Sudesh. (2012) Expression of Aeromonas caviae polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase gene in Burkholderia sp. USM (JCM 15050) enables the biosynthesis of SCL-MCL PHA from palm oil products. J. Appl. Microbiol. 112(1):45–54. Link

70.  Tan, H.-H., A. Makino, K. Sudesh, P. Greimel, T. Kobayashi. (2012) Spectroscopic evidence for the unusual stereochemical configuration of an endosome-specific lipid. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51(2):533-535. Link

71.  Hiraishi, T., K. Yamashita, M. Sakono, J. Nakanishi, L.-T. Tan, K. Sudesh, H. Abe, M. Maeda. (2012) Display of functionally active PHB depolymerase on Escherichia coli cell surface. Macromol. Biosci. 12(2):218-224. Link

72.  Lokesh, B. E., Z. A. A. Hamid, T. Arai, A. Kosugi, Y. Murata, R. Hashim, O. Sulaiman, Y. Mori, K. Sudesh. (2012) Potential of oil palm trunk sap as a novel inexpensive renewable carbon feedstock for polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis and as a bacterial growth medium. Clean Soil Air Water. 40(3):310-317. Link

73.  Baskaran, M., R. Hashim, N. Said, S. M. Raffi, K. Balakrishnan, K. Sudesh, O. Sulaiman, T. Arai, A. Kosugi, Y. Mori, T. Sugimoto, M. Sato. (2012) Properties of binderless particleboard from oil palm trunk with addition of polyhydroxyalkanoates. Compos Part B: Eng. 43(3):1109–1116. Link

74.  Yee, L.-N., J.-A. Chuah, M.-L. Chong, L.-Y. Phang, A.R. Raha, K. Sudesh, M.A. Hassan. (2012) Molecular characterisation of phaCAB from Comamonas sp. EB172 for functional expression in Escherichia coli JM109. Microbiol. Res. 167(9):550-557. Link

75.  Yee, L.N., Mumtaz, T., Mohammadi, M., Phang, L-Y., Ando, Y., Raha, A., Sudesh, K., Ariffin, H., Hassan, M., Zakaria, M. (2012). Polyhydroxyalkanoate synthesis by recombinant Escherichia coli JM109 expressing PHA biosynthesis genes from Comamonas sp. EB172. Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology. 4(4):103-110. Link

76.  Ooi, W.-Y., M. Fujita, P. Pan, H.-Y. Tang, K. Sudesh, K. Ito, N. Kanayama, T. Takarada, M. Maeda. (2012) Structural characterization of nanoparticles from thermoresponsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-DNA conjugate. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 374(1):315-320. Link

77.  Phua, Y. J., N. S. Lau, K. Sudesh, W. S. Chow, Z. A. Mohd Ishak. (2012) Biodegradability studies of poly (butylene succinate)/ organo-montmorillonite nanocomposites under controlled compost soil conditions: effects of clay loading and compatibiliser. Polym. Degrad. Stabil. 97(8):1345-1354. Link

78.  Wong, Y.-M., C. J. Brigham, C. Rha, A. J. Sinskey, K. Sudesh. (2012) Biosynthesis and characterization of polyhydroxyalkanoate containing high 3-hydroxyhexanoate monomer fraction from crude palm kernel oil by recombinant Cupriavidus necator. Bioresour. Technol. 121:320-327. Link

79.  Anis, S. N. S., M. I. Nurhezreen, K. Sudesh, A. A. Amirul. (2012) Enhanced recovery and purification of P(3HB-co-3HHx) from recombinant Cupriavidus necator using alkaline digestion method. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 167(3):524-535. Link

80.  Lau, N.-S., K. Sudesh. (2012) Revelation of the ability of Burkholderia sp. USM (JCM 15050) PHA synthase to polymerize 4-hydroxybutyrate monomer. AMB Express. 2(1):1-13. Link

81.  Ch’ng, D.H.-E., W.-H. Lee, K. Sudesh. (2012) Biosynthesis and lipase-catalysed hydrolysis of 4-hydroxybutyrate-containing polyhydroxyalkanoates from Delftia acidovorans. Malays. J. Microbiol. 8(3):156-163. Link

82.  Pan, P., M. Fujita, W.-Y. Ooi, K. Sudesh, T. Takarada, A. Goto, M. Maeda. (2012) Thermoresponsive micellization and micellar stability of poly(N‑isopropylacrylamide)‑b‑DNA diblock and miktoarm star polymers. Langmuir. 28(40): 14347-14356. Link

83.  Haque R. A., S. Budagumpi, S. Y. Choo, M. K. Choong, B. E. Lokesh, K. Sudesh. (2012) Nitrile-functionalized Hg(II)- and Ag(I)-N-heterocyclic carbene complexes: synthesis, crystal structures, nuclease and DNA binding activities. Appl. Organomet. Chem. 26:689-700. Link

84.  Rathi D.-N., H. G. Amir, R. M. M. Abed, A. Kosugi, T. Arai, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim, K. Sudesh. (2012) Polyhydroxyalkanoate biosynthesis and simplified polymer recovery by a novel moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from hypersaline microbial mats. J. Appl. Microbiol. 114(2):384-395. Link

85.  Prawitwong P., A. Kosugi, T. Arai, L. Deng, K. C. Lee, D. Ibrahim, Y. Murata, O. Sulaiman, R. Hashim, K. Sudesh, W. A. B. Ibrahim, M. Saito, Y. Mori. (2012) Efficient ethanol production from separated parenchyma and vascular bundle of oil palm trunk. Bioresour. Technol. 125:37-42. Link

86.  Tan, L.-T., T. Hiraishi, K. Sudesh, M. Maeda. (2013) Directed evolution of poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] depolymerase using cell surface display system: functional importance of asparagine at position 285. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 97:4859-4871. Link

87.  Hassan M. A., L.-N. Yee, P. L. Yee, H. Ariffin, A. R. Raha, Y. Shirai, K. Sudesh. (2013) Sustainable production of polyhydroxyalkanoates from renewable oil-palm biomass. Biomass Bioenerg. 50:1-9. Link

88.  Lakshmanan, M., Y. Kodama, T. Yoshizumi, K. Sudesh, K. Numata. (2013) Rapid and efficient gene delivery into plant cells using designed peptide carriers. Biomacromolecules. 14(1):10-16. Link

89.  Chuah J.-A., M. Yamada, S. Taguchi, K. Sudesh, Y. Doi, K. Numata. (2013) Biosynthesis and characterization of polyhydroxyalkanoate containing 5-hydroxyvalerate units: Effects of 5HV units on biodegradability, cytotoxicity, mechanical and thermal properties. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 98(1):331-338. Link

90.  Anis, S. N. S., M. I. Nurhezreen, K. Sudesh, A. A. Amirul. (2013) Increased recovery and improved purity of PHA from recombinant Cupriavidus necator. Bioengineered 4(2):1–4. Link

91.  Anis, S. N. S., M. I. Nurhezreen, K. Sudesh, A. A. Amirul. (2013) Effect of different recovery strategies of P(3HB-co-3HHx) copolymer from Cupriavidus necator recombinant harboring the PHA synthase of Chromobacterium sp. USM2. Sep. Purif. Technol. 102:111–117. Link

92.  Chuah, J.-A., S. Tomizawa, M. Yamada, T. Tsuge, Y. Doi, K. Sudesh, K. Numata. (2013) Characterization of site-specific mutations in a short-chain-length-medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase: in vivo and in vitro studies on enzymatic activity and substrate specificity. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 79(12):3813-3821. Link

93.  Abed R. M. M., S. Dobretsov, M. Al-Fori, S. P. Gunasekera, K. Sudesh, V. J. Paul. (2013) Quorum sensing inhibitory compounds from extremophilic microorganisms isolated from a hypersaline cyanobacterial mat. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 40(7):759-772. Link

94.  Ch’ng, D.H.-E., K. Sudesh. (2013) Densitometry based microassay for the determination of lipase depolymerizing activity on polyhydroxyalkanoate. AMB Express 3:22-33. Link

95.  Kunasundari, B., V. Murugaiyah, G. Kaur, F. H. J. Maurer, K. Sudesh. (2013) Revisiting the single cell protein application of Cupriavidus necator H16 and recovering bioplastic granules simultaneously. PLoS One. 8(10): e78528. Link

96.  Rathi, D.-N., E.P. Jutemar, F.H.J. Maurer, K. Sudesh. (2013) Biosynthesis of P(3HB-co-3HV-co-3HHp) terpolymer by Cupriavidus necator PHB–4 transformant harboring the highly active PHA synthase gene of Chromobacterium sp. USM2. Malays. J. Microbiol. 9(2):140-146. Link

97.  Kamilah, H., T. Tsuge, T. A. Yang, K. Sudesh. (2013) Waste cooking oil as a substrate for biosynthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate): Turning waste into a value-added product. Malays. J. Microbiol. 9(1): 51-59. Link

98.  Goh, L.-K., R. K. Purama, K. Sudesh. (2014) Enhancement of stress tolerance in the polyhydroxyalkanoate producers without mobilization of the accumulated granules. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 172(3):1585–1598. Link

99.  Abdul Khalil, H. P. S., Y. Davoudpour, M.N. Islam, A. Mustapha, K. Sudesh, R. Dungani, M. Jawaid. (2014) Production and modification of nanofibrillated cellulose using various mechanical processed: A review. Carbohydr. Polym. 99:649-665. Link

100. Saika, A., Y., Watanabe, K. Sudesh, T. Tsuge. (2014)  Biosynthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxy-4-methylvalerate) by recombinant Escherichia coli expressing leucine metabolism-related enzymes derived from Clostridium difficile. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 117(6):670-675. Link

100.    Lau, N.-S., C. P. Foong, Y. Kurihara, K. Sudesh, M. Matsui. (2014) RNA-Seq analysis provides insights for understanding photoautotrophic polyhydroxyalkanoate production in recombinant Synechocystis sp. PLoS One. 9(1): e86368. Link

101. Chow, W. S., S. G. Tan, Z. Ahmad, K. H. Chia, N. S. Lau, K. Sudesh. (2014) Biodegradability of epoxidized soybean oil based thermosets in compost soil environment. J. Polym. Environ. 22(1):140-147. Link

102. Tan, L.-T., T. Hiraishi, K. Sudesh, M. Maeda. (2014) Effects of mutation at position 285 of Ralstonia pickettii poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] depolymerase on its activities. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 98(16):7061-7068. Link

103. Lau, N.S., D.H.E. Ch’ng, K. H. Chia, Y. M. Wong, K. Sudesh. (2014) Advances in polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA): unraveling the development and new perspectives. J. Biobased Mat. Bioenergy. 8(2):118-129. Link

104. Salim, Y. S., C. H. Chan, K. Sudesh, S. N. Gan. (2014) Isothermal crystallisation kinetics of microbial poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate). Int. J. Pharm. Pharm. Sci. 6:3-8. Link

105. Kamilah, H., K. Sudesh, T. A. Yang. (2014) Characteristics of used palm olein and its bioconversion into polyhydroxybutyrate by Cupriavidus necator H16. Malays. J. Microbiol. 10(2):139-148. Link

106. Chia, K.-H., J. Nanthini, G. P. Thottathil, N. Najimudin, M. R. Hakim Mas Haris, K. Sudesh. (2014) Identification of new rubber-degrading bacterial strains from aged latex. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 109:354-361. Link

107. Foong, C. P., N. S. Lau, S. Deguchi, T. Toyofuku, T. D. Taylor, K. Sudesh, M. Matsui. (2014) Whole genome amplification approach reveals novel polyhydroxyalkanoate synthases (PhaCs) from Japan trench and nankai trough seawater. BMC Microbiology. 14: 318. Link

108. Abdul Hamid, Z.A., T. Arai, M.R. Sitti Fatimah, A. Kosugi, O.,Sulaiman, R.,Hashim, S. Nirasawa, T. Ryohei, B.E. Lokesh, K. Sudesh, Y. Murata. (2015) Analysis of free sugar and starch in oil palm trunks (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.) from various cultivars as a feedstock for bioethanol production. Int. J. Green Energy. 37-41. Link

109. Wong, Y. M., Y. Hoshino, K. Sudesh, Y. Miura, K.Numata. (2015) Optimization of poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) as an artificial amidase. Biomacromolecules. 16(1):411-21. Link

110. Lakshmanan, M., T. Yoshizumi, K. Sudesh, Y. Kodama, K. Numata. (2015) Double-stranded DNA introduction into intact plants using peptide–DNA complexes. Plant Biotechnol. 32(1): 39-45. Link

111. Phua, Y. J., N. S. Lau, K. Sudesh, W. S. Chow, Z. M. Ishak. (2015) A study on the effects of organoclay content and compatibilizer addition on the properties of biodegradable poly (butylene succinate) nanocomposites under natural weathering. J. Compos. Mater. 49: 891-902. Link

112. Nanthini, J., K.-H. Chia, G. P. Thottathil, T. D. Taylor, S. Kondo, N. Najimudin, P. Baybayan, S. Singh, K. Sudesh. (2015) Complete genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. strain CFMR 7, a natural rubber degrading Actinomycetes isolated from Penang, Malaysia. J. Biotechnol. 214: 47-48. Link

113. Joyyi, L., N. Sridewi, A. A. A. Abdullah, K. I. Kasuya, K. Sudesh. (2015) Fabrication and Degradation of Electrospun Polyhydroxyalkanoate Film. J. Siberian Fed. U. 8: 236-253. Link

114. Tai, Y. T., C. P. Foong, N. Najimudin, K. Sudesh. (2015) Discovery of a new polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase from limestone soil through metagenomic approach. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 121: 355-364. Link

115. Lee, Y.-F., N. Sridewi, S. Ramanathan, K. Sudesh. (2015) The influence of electrospinning parameters and drug loading on polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) nanofibers for drug delivery. Int. J. Biotech. Well. Indus. 4: 103-113. Link

116. Baskaran, M., R. Hashim, M. F. M. Yusoff, S. Bauk, O. Sulaiman, M. Sato, K. Sudesh. (2015) Mass attenuation coefficients of binderless and polylactic acid added oil palm trunk particleboard in the diagnostic energy range. Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inform. Technol. 5(5): 355-357. Link

117. Tai, Y. T., N. Najimudin, K. Sudesh. (2015) Characteristics of limestone soil collected from Gunung Lang, Perak and metagenomic analysis of the soil microbial community. Malays. J. Microbiol. 11(4): 372-381. Link

118. Altaee, N., A. Fahdil, E. Yousif, K. Sudesh. (2016) Recovery and subsequent characterization of polyhydroxybutyrate from Rhodococcus equi cells grown on crude palm kernel oil. J. Taibah Univ. Sci. 10: 543-550. Link

119. Phong, T. H., D. V. Thuoc, K. Sudesh. (2016) Biosynthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and its copolymers by Yangia sp. ND199 from different carbon sources. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 84: 361-366. Link

120. Ganjali Dashti, M., P. Abdeshahian, K. Sudesh, K. K. Phua. (2016) Optimization of Salmonella Typhi biofilm assay on polypropylene microtiter plates using response surface methodology. Biofouling. 32(4):477-487. Link

121. Chanasit, W., B. Hodgson, K. Sudesh, K. Umsakul. (2016) Efficient production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) from Pseudomonas mendocina PSU using a biodiesel liquid waste (BLW) as the sole carbon source. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 80 (7):1440-1450. Link

122. Ng, L.M., K. Sudesh. (2016) Identification of a new polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) producer Aquitalea sp. USM4 (JCM 19919) and characterization of its PHA synthase. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 122(5): 550-557. Link

123. Paramasivam, M., P. Chhajer, A. Kosugi, T. Arai, C. J. Brigham, K. Sudesh. (2016) Production of P(3HB-co-3HHx) with controlled compositions by recombinant Cupriavidus necator Re2058/pCB113 from renewable resources. Clean Soil Air Water. 44(9):1234-1241. Link

124. Altaee, N., G. A. El-Hiti, A. Fahdil, K. Sudesh, E. Yousif. (2016) Biodegradation of different formulations of polyhydroxybutyrate films in soil. Springerplus. 5: 762-773. Link

125. Ong, S. Y., K. Sudesh. (2016) Effects of polyhydroxyalkanoate degradation on soil microbial community. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 131: 9-19. Link

126. Salim, Y. S., J.-M. Saiter, V. D. Natarajan, K. Sudesh, S. N. Gan, C. H. Chan. (2016) Evidence of melt reaction between poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) and epoxidized natural rubber as investigated by DSC, isothermal TGA and FTIR analyses. Macromol. Symp. 365: 81-86. Link

127. Ong, Y. T., A. L. Ahmad, S. H. S. Zein, K. Sudesh, S. H. Tan. (2016) Rebuttal to the comment on article ‘’poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)-functionalised multi-walled carbon nanotubes/chitosan green nanocomposite membranes and their application in pervaporation’’. Sep. Purif. Technol. 158: 94-95. Link

128. Mok, P. S., D.H.-E. Ch’ng, S.-P. Ong, K. Numata, K. Sudesh (2016) Characterization of the depolymerizing activity of commercial lipases and detection of lipase-like activities in animal organ extracts using poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) thin film. AMB Express. 6(1): 1-14. Link

129. Baidurah, S., P. Murugan, L. Joyyi, J. Fukuda, M. Yamada, K. Sudesh, Y. Ishida. (2016) Validation of thermally assisted hydrolysis and methylation-gas chromatography for rapid and direct compositional analysis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) in whole bacterial cells. J. Chromatogr. A. 1471: 186-191. Link

130. Altaee, N., G. A. El-Hiti, A. Fahdil, K. Sudesh, E. Yousif. (2016) Screening and evaluation of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) with Rhodococcus equi using different carbon sources. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 5: 762-773. Link

131. Wong, Y.-M., H. Masunaga, J.-A. Chuah, K. Sudesh, K. Numata. (2016) Enzyme-mimic peptide assembly to achieve amidolytic activity. Biomacromolecules. 17: 3375-3385. Link

132. Murugan, P., L. Han, C.-Y. Gan, F. H. J. Maurer, K. Sudesh. (2016) A new biological recovery approach for PHA using mealworm, Tenebrio molitor. J. Biotechnol. 239: 98-105. Link

133. Reddy, N. S., R. Abdul Rahim, D. Ibrahim, K. Sudesh. (2016) Cloning and expression of a subfamily 1.4 lipase from Bacillus licheniformis IBRL-CHS2. Trop. Life Sci. Res. 27: 145-150. Link

134. Al-Kaddo, K. B., K. Sudesh, M. R. Samian. (2016) Screening of bacteria for PHA production using waste glycerol as carbon source and the ability of new strain to produce P(3HB-co-3HV) copolymer. Malays. J. Microbiol. 12(3): 245-253. Link

135. Pyary, S., K. Sudesh, H. Nagao. (2016) Isolation and  identification of bacteria and fungi growing spontaneously on polyhydroxyalkanoate pellets recovered by a new biological process. Malays. J. Microbiol. 12(3): 221-227. Link

136. Heng, K.-S., S. Y. Ong, K. Sudesh. (2016) Efficient biosynthesis and recovery of polyhydroxyalkanoate. Malays. J. Microbiol. 12(5): 383-398. Link

137. Vishnu Chandar, J., S. Shanmugan, P. Murugan, D. Mutharasu, K. Sudesh. (2017) Structural analysis of ZnO nanoparticles reinforced P (3HB-co-15 mol% 3HHx) bioplastic composite. J. Polym. Environ. 25(4): 1251-1261. Link

138. Kunasundari, B., C. R. Arza, F. H. J. Maurer, V. Murugaiyah, G. Kaur, K. Sudesh. (2017) Biological recovery and properties of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) from Cupriavidus necator H16. Sep. Purif. Technol. 172: 1-6. Link

139. Akram, F. M. M, C. H. Chan, Y. S. Salim, S. N. Gan, K. Sudesh. (2017) Studies on non-isothermal crystallization and viscoelastic properties of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) and epoxidized natural rubber blends. Macromol. Symp. 371: 107-113. Link

140. Kunasundari, B., T. Arai, K. Sudesh, R. Hashim, O. Sulaiman, N. J. Stalin, A. Kosugi. (2017) Detoxification of sap from felled oil palm trunks for the efficient production of lactic acid. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 183: 412-425. Link

141. Ong, W.-D., E. Okubo-Kurihara, Y. Kurihara, S. Shimada, Y. Makita, M. Kawashima, K. Honda, Y. Kondoh, N. Watanabe, H. Osada, S. R. Cutler, K. Sudesh, M. Matsui. (2017) Chemical-induced inhibition of blue light-mediated seedling development caused by disruption of upstream signal transduction involving cryptochromes in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol. 58(1): 95-105. Link

142. Joyyi, L.,  M. Z. A. Thirmizir,  M. S. Salim, L. Han, P. Murugan, K. I. Kasuya, F. H. Maurer, M. I. Z. Arifin, K. Sudesh. (2017) Composite properties and biodegradation of biologically recovered poly (3HB-co-3HHx) reinforced with short kenaf fibers. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 137: 100-108. Link

143. Murugan, P., C.-Y. Gan, K. Sudesh. (2017) Biosynthesis of P(3HB-co-3HHx) with improved molecular weights from a mixture of palm olein and fructose by Cupriavidus necator Re2058/pCB113. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 102: 1112-1119. Link

144. Inderan, V., M. Arafat, K. Sudesh, A.S.M.A. Haseeb, Z.-T. Jiang, M. Altarawneh, H.-L. Lee. (2017) Study of structural properties and defects of Ni doped SnO2 nanorods as ethanol gas sensor. Nanotechnology. 28(26): 265702. Link

145. Mok, P. S., K. Sudesh, P. W. Y. Liew, B. C. Jong, N. Najimudin. (2017) Characterisation of polyhydroxyalkanoate production by mutant Azotobacter vinelandii. Malays. Appl. Biol. 46(1): 93-100. Link

146. Heng, K.-S., R. Hatti-Kaul, F. Adam, T. Fukui, K. Sudesh. (2017) Conversion of rice husks to polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) via a three-step process: optimized alkaline pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, and biosynthesis by Burkholderia cepacia USM (JCM 15050). J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 92: 100-108. Link

147. Ong, S. Y., J. Y. Chee, K. Sudesh. (2017) Degradation of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA): a review. J. Sib. Fed. Univ. Biol. 10(2): 211-225. Link

148. Nanthini, J., S. Y. Ong, K. Sudesh. (2017) Identification of three homologous latex-clearing protein (lcp) genes from the genome of Streptomyces sp. strain CFMR 7. Gene. 628: 146-155. Link

149. Selvin, S. S. P., L. Joyyi, K. Sudesh, N. Radhika, J. P. Merlin, I. S. Lydia. (2017) Photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B using cysteine capped ZnO/P(3HB-co-3HHx) fiber under UV and visible light irradiation. Reac. Kinet. Mech. Cat. 122(1): 671-684. Link

150. Nanthini, J., K. Sudesh. (2017) Biodegradation of natural rubber and natural rubber products by Streptomyces sp. strain CFMR 7. J. Polym. Environ. 25(3): 606-616. Link

151. Chek, M. F., S.-Y. Kim, T. Mori, H. Arsad, M. R. Samian, K. Sudesh, T. Hakoshima. (2017) Structure of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase PhaC from Chromobacterium sp. USM2, producing biodegradable plastics. Sci. Rep. 7:5312. Link

152. Demirdöğen, R. E., F. M. Emen, K. Ocakoglu, P. Murugan, K. Sudesh, G. Avşar. (2017) Green nanotechnology for synthesis and characterization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) nanoparticles for sustained bortezomib release using supercritical CO2 assisted particle formation combined with electrodeposition. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 107: 436-445. Link

153. Thinagaran, L., K. Sudesh. (2017) Evaluation of sludge palm oil as feedstock and development of efficient method for its utilization to produce polyhydroxyalkanoate. Waste Biomass. Valor. DOI 10.1007/s12649-017-0078-8. Link

154. Ramachandran, H., N. A. H. Shafie, K. Sudesh, M. N. Azizan, M. I. A. Majid, A. A. Amirul. (2018) Cupriavidus malaysiensis sp. nov., a novel poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) accumulating bacterium isolated from the Malaysian environment. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 111(3):361-372. Link

155. Lewkittayakorn, J., P. Khunthongkaew, W. Chotigeat, K. Sudesh. (2017) Effect of microwave pretreatment on the properties of particleboard made from para rubber wood sawdust with the addition of polyhydroxyalkanoates. Sains Malays. 46(9):1361-1367. Link

156. Ong, S. Y., H.-P. Kho, S. L. Riedel, S.-W. Kim, C.-Y. Gan, T. D. Taylor, K. Sudesh. (2018) An integrative study on biologically recovered polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and simultaneous assessment of gut microbiome in yellow mealworm. J. Biotechnol. 265: 31-39. Link 

157. Foong, C. P., M. Lakshmanan, H. Abe, T. D. Taylor, S. Y. Foong, K. Sudesh. (2018) A novel and wide substrate specificity polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase from unculturable bacteria found in mangrove soil. J. Polym. Res. 25(1):23. Link

158. Widyasti, E., A. Shikata, R. Hashim, O. Sulaiman, K. Sudesh, E. Wahjono, A. Kosugi. (2018) Biodegradation of fibrillated oil palm trunk fiber by a novel thermophilic, anaerobic, xylanolytic bacterium Caldicoprobacter sp. CL-2 isolated from compost. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 111:21-28. Link

159. Ong, S. Y., I. Zainab-L, S. Pyary, K. Sudesh. (2018) A novel biological recovery approach for PHA employing selective digestion of bacterial biomass in animals. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 102:2117-2127. Link

160. Purama, R. K., J. N. Al-Sabahi, K. Sudesh. (2018) Evaluation of date seed oil and date molasses as novel carbon sources for the production of poly(3Hydroxybutyrate-co-3Hydroxyhexanoate) by Cupriavidus necator H16 Re 2058/pCB113. Ind. Crops Prod. 119: 83-92. Link

161. Biglari, N., M. G. Dashti, P. Abdeshahian, I. Orita, T. Fukui, K. Sudesh. (2018) Enhancement of bioplastic polyhydroxybutyrate P(3HB) production from glucose by newly engineered strain Cupriavidus necator NSDG-GG using response surface methodology. 3 Biotech. 8: 330. Link

162. Martla, M., K. Umsakul, K. Sudesh. (2018) Production and recovery of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) from biodiesel liquid waste (BLW). J. Basic Microbiol. 1-10. Link

163. Teh, A.-H., N.-C. Chiam, G. Furusawa, K. Sudesh. (2018) Modelling of polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase from Aquitalea sp. USM4 suggests a novel mechanism for polymer elongation. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 119: 438-445. Link

164. Mukheem, A., K. Muthoosamy, S. Manickam, K. Sudesh, S. Shahabuddin, R. Saidur, N. Akbar, N. Sridewi. (2018) Fabrication and characterization of an electrospun PHA/Graphene silver nanocomposite scaffold for antibacterial applications. Materials 11: 1673. Link

165. Khunthongkaew, P., P. Murugan, K. Sudesh, J. Iewkittayakorn. (2018) Biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoates using Cupriavidus necator H16 and its application for particleboard production. J Polym Res. 25: 131. Link

166.  I. Zainab-L, H. Uyama, C. Li, Y. Shen, K. Sudesh. (2018) Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates from Underutilized plant oils by Cupriavidus necator. CLEAN 6(11):1700542  Link

167. Teng, T- J., M. N. Mat Arip, K. Sudesh, A. Nemoikina, Z. Jalaludin, E- P. Ng, H- L. Lee. (2018) Conventional technology and nanotechnology in wood preservation: A review. Bioresources 13(4):9220-9252. Link

168. Chek, M. F., A. Hiroe, T. Hakoshima, K. Sudesh, S. Taguchi. (2019) PHA synthase (PhaC): Interpreting the functions of bioplastic-producing enzyme from a structural perspective. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 103(3):1131-1141. Link

169. Mahmood, K., H. Kamilah, K. Sudesh, A. A. Karim, F. Ariffin. (2019) Study of electrospun fish gelatin nanofilms from benign organic acids as solvents. Food Packaging Shelf 19:66-75. Link

170. Hussin, M. H., N. A. Tajudin, N. F. S. Mohd Azani, P.  Murugan, Mohamad Haafiz, M. K., K. Sudesh, M. Yemlout. (2019) Physicochemical studies of kenaf nanocrystaline cellulose and poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hyroxyhexanoate) as filler for lithium perchlorate based polymer electrolyte. Int. J. Elcetrochem. Sci. 14:1620-1633. Link

171. Chee, J. Y., M. Lakshmanan, I. F. Jeepery, N. H. Mohamad Hairudin, K. Sudesh. (2019) The potential application of Cupriavidus necator as polyhydroxyalkanoates producer and single cell protein: A review on scientific, cultural and religious perspectives. Appl. Food Biotechnol. 6(1):19-34. Link

172. Thinagaran, L., K. Sudesh. (2019) Evaluation of sludge palm oil as feedstock and development of efficient method for its utilization to produce polyhydroxyalkanoate. Waste Biomass. Valor. 10(3):709-720. Link

173.  Mukheem, A., S. Shahabuddin, N. Akbar, A. Miskon, N. M. Sarih, K. Sudesh, N. A. Khan, R. Saidur, N. Sridewi. (2019) Boron nitride doped polyhydroxyalkanoate/chitosan nanocomposite for antibacterial and biological applications. Nanomaterials 9(4): 645 Link

174. Bomrungnok, W., Arai, T., Sudesh, K., Hatta, T. Kosugi, A. (2019) Direct production of polyhydroxybutyrate from waste starch by newly-isolated Bacillus aryabhattai T34-N4. Environ Technol. DOI 10.1080/09593330.2019.1608314. Link

175. Lakshmanan, M., Foong, C. P., Abe, H., Sudesh, K. (2019) Biosynthesis and characterization of co and ter-polyesters of polyhydroxyalkanoates containing high monomeric fractions of 4-hydroxybutyrate and 5-hydroxyvalerate via a novel PHA synthase. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 163:122-135. Link

176. Juanssilfero, A. B., Kahar, P., Amza, R. L., Sudesh, K., Ogino, C., Prasetya, B., Kondo, A. (2019) Lipid production by Lipomyces starkeyi using sap squeezed from felled old oil palm trunks. J Biosci Bioeng. 127(6):726-731. Link

177. Van Thuoc, D., Hien, T. T., Sudesh. K. (2019) Identification and characterization of ectoine-producing bacteria isolated from Can Gio mangrove soil in Vietnam. Ann. Microbiol. 69(8): 819-828. Link

178. Baidurah, S., Murugan, P., Sen, K. Y., Nonome, K., Sudesh, K., Ishida, Y. (2019). Evaluation of soil burial biodegradation behavior of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) based on change in copolymer composition monitored by thermally assisted hydrolysis and methylation-gas chromatography. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis. 137:146-150. Link

179. Baskaran, M., Hashim, R., Sulaiman, O., Awalludin, M. F., Sudesh, K., Arai, T., Kosugi, K. (2019) Properties of particleboard manufactured from oil palm trunk waste using polylactic acid as a natural binder. Waste Biomass Valor. 10(1):179-186. Link

180.  Inderan, V., Arafat, M. M., Haseeb, S. M. A., Sudesh, K. Lee, H. L. (2019). A comparative study of structural and ethanol gas sensing properties of pure, nickel and palladium doped SnO2 nanorods synthesised by the hydrothermal method. J. Phys. Sci. 30(1):127-143. Link

181.  I. Zainab-L., K. Sudesh. (2019). High cell density culture of Curiavidus necator H16 and improved biological recovey of polyhydroxyalkanoates using mealworms. J. Biotechnol. 305:35-42. Link

182. Van Thuoc, D., My, D. N., Loan, T. T., Sudesh, K. (2019). Utilization of waste fish oil and glycerol as carbon sources for polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production by Salinivibrio sp. M318. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 141:885-892. Link

183. Yee, C. S., Stanly, C., Sudesh, K. (2019). Studies on the effect of individual plant growth regulators on in vitro culture of 3 Taraxacum officinale. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. (In Press). Link

184. Al-Kaddo, K. B., Mohamad, F., Murugan, P., Tan, J. S., Sudesh, K., Samian, M. R. (2019). Production of P(3HB-co-4HB) copolymer with high 4HB molar fraction by Burkholderia contaminans Kad1 PHA Synthase. Biochem. Eng. J. 153:107394. Link

185. Biglari, N., Orita, I., Fukui, T., Sudesh, K. (2020). A study on the effect of increment and decrement repeated fed-batch feeding of glucose on the production of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] by a newly engineered Cupriavidus necator NSDG-CG mutant in batch fill-and-fraw fermentation. J. Biotechnol. 307:77-86. Link

186. Ang, S. L., Shaharuddin, B., Chuah, J-A., Sudesh, K. (2020). Electrospun poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate)/silk fibroin film is a promising scaffold for bone tissue engineering. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 145:173-188. Link

187.  Zain, NA. A., Ng, LM., Foong, C.P., Tai, Y. T., Nanthini, J., Sudesh, K. (2020). Complete genome sequence of a novel polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) producer, Jeongeupia sp. USM3 (JCM 19920) and characterization of Its PHA synthases. Curr. Microbiol. DOI 10.1007/s00284-019-01852-z. Link

188. Sridewi, N., Sagadevan, S., Mukheem, A., Sudesh, K. (2020). Physiochemical characteristics of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) electrospun nanofibres for the adsorption of phenol. J. Exp. Nanosci. 15(1):26-53. Link

189. Mukheem, A., Shahabuddin, S., Akbar, N., Anwar, A., Muhamad Sarih, N., Sudesh, K., Khan, N. A. and Sridewi, N. (2020). Fabrication of biopolymer polyhydroxyalkanoate/chitosan and 2D molybdenum disulfide–doped scaffolds for antibacterial and biomedical applications. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. DOI 10.1007/s00253-020-10416-2 Link

190. Arthy, S., Lakshmanan, M., Chee, J. Y., Azlinah, M. S., Van Thuoc, D. and Sudesh, K. (2020). Can Polyhydroxyalkanoates Be Produced Efficiently From Waste Plant and Animal Oils? Front. Bioeng. Biotechnol. DOI 10.3389/fbioe.2020.00169. Link

191. Tan, I. K. P., Foong, C. P., Tan, H. T., Lim, H., Zain, NA. A., Tan, Y. C., Hoh, C. C., and Sudesh, K. (2020). Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase genes and PHA-associated gene clusters in Pseudomonas spp. and Janthinobacterium spp. isolated from Antarctica. J. Biotechnol. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2020.03.006. Link

192. Thomas, T., Sudesh, K., Lim, H., Bazire, A., Elain, A., Tan, H. T., and Bruzaud, S. (2020). PHA Production and PHA Synthases of the Halophilic Bacterium Halomonas sp.SF2003. Bioengineering. DOI:10.3390/bioengineering7010029. Link

193. Inderan, V., Arafat, M. M., Haseeb, A. S. M. A., Sudesh, K., and Lee, H. L. (2020). Electrospun (Nickel and palladium) tin(IV) oxide/polyaniline/polyhydroxy-3-butyrate biodegradable nanocomposite fibers for low temperature ethanol gas sensing. Nanotechnology, 31(42), 425503. DOI:10.1088/1361-6528/aba0f1. Link

194. Murugan, P., Ong, S. Y., Hashim, R., Kosugi, A., Arai, T., and Sudesh, K. (2020). Development and evaluation of controlled release fertilizer using P(3HB-co-3HHx) on oil palm plants (nursery stage) and soil microbes. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 28, 101710. DOI: 10.1016/j.bcab.2020.101710. Link

Other Publications


  1. Sudesh, K., Abe. (2010) Practical Guide to Microbial Polyhydroxyalkanoates. Smithers Rapra. UK. pp. 1-149.  Link
  2. Sudesh, K. (2013) Polyhydroxyalkanoates from Palm Oil: Biodegradable Plastics. Springer Briefs in Microbiology. Germany. 1-130. Link


Book Chapters

  1. Taguchi, K., S. Taguchi, Sudesh, A. Maehara, T. Tsuge, Y. Doi. (2001) Metabolic pathways and engineering of PHA biosynthesis. In Biopolymer Handbook. Y. Doi and A. Steinbüchel (eds). Wiley-VCH. pp. 217-247. Link
  2. Ibrahim C. O, N. Najimudin, Sudesh. (2004) Bioresource Technologies: Industrial Biotechnology. In Research at Universiti Sains Malaysia: Biotechnology (Vol. 2). A. Ismail, M. I. A. Majid, N. Najimudin (eds.) K. J. Ratnam (series ed.) Penerbit USM. pp. 53-59. Link
  3. Sudesh, K., Doi. (2005) Polyhydroxyalkanoates. In Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers. C. Bastioli (ed.) RAPRA Technology Ltd., UK. pp. 219-256. Link
  4. Ghani, B. Ab., N. Najimudin, M. R. Samian, Sudesh. (2006) Investigation on the reaction mechanism of a polymerase enzyme: determination of the 3-D structure of polyhydroxyalkanoic acid synthase. In Fundamental Research at USM 2002-2005. A. A. Tajuddin and K. O. Lim (eds). Vol. 2 (Life Sciences). USM Publishers. pp. 97-102. Link
  5. Sudesh, K., W. Chang, J. Y. Chee, L. K. Goh, M. H. Jau, W. H. Lee, B. Y. Tay, S. Y. Toh, S. P. Yew, K. H. Yong, M. R. Samian, M. I. A. Majid. (2006) Microstructure of polyhydroxyalkanoate granules. In Fundamental Research at USM 2002-2005. A. A. Tajuddin and K. O. Lim (eds). Vol. 2 (Life Sciences). USM Publishers. pp. 28-33. Link
  6. Ibrahim, C. O., A. Rosma, I. Darah, Sudesh. (2007) Utilization of the Malaysian agrowaste resources for the generation of value added products via biotechnological processes. In Current Topics on Bioprocesses in Food Industry. A. Koutinas. A. Pandey and C. Larroche (eds.) Asiatech Publishers Inc. India. Link
  7. Abdullah, A. A., A. R. M. Yahya, Sudesh, M. N. M. Azizan, M. I. A. Majid. (2009) Microbial synthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) by Cupriavidus sp. USMAA1020 isolated from Malaysian environment. In Innovations in Chemical Biology. B. Sener (ed.) Springer Science+Business Media B. V.  Link
  8. Tang, H. Y., D. Ishii, Sudesh, T. Yamaoka, T. Iwata (2010) Nanofibrous Scaffolds of Bio-polyesters: In vitro and In vivo Characterizations and Tissue Response. In Nanofibers. A. Kumar (ed). Intech (Croatia). pp. 189-212. Link
  9. Chee, J. Y., S. S. Yoga, N. S. Lau, S. C. Ling, R. M. M. Abed, Sudesh (2010) Bacterially Produced Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA): Converting Renewable Resources into Bioplastics. In Current Research, Technology and Education Topics in Applied Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology. A. M. Vilas (ed). Formatex Research Center (Spain). pp. 1395-1404. Link
  10. Bhubalan, K., J. Y. Chee, Sudesh. (2011) Prospect and Sustainable Production of Polyhydroxyalkanoate from Palm Oil. In Bioprocess Sciences and Technology. M. T. Liong (Ed.). Nova Science Publishers (NY, USA). pp. 53-82. Link
  11. Bhubalan, K., W. H. Lee, Sudesh. (2011) Polyhydroxyalkanoate. In Biodegradable Polymers in Clinical Use and Clinical Development. A. J. Domb, N. Kumar and A. Ezra (Eds.). John Wiley & Sons (USA). pp. 249-315. Link
  12. Yoga, S. S., C. H. Chan, Sudesh, S. N. Gan. (2014) Thermal Properties of Polyhydroxyalkanoates. In Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules. C. H. Chan, C. H. Chia and S. Thomas (Eds.). Apple Academic Press Inc. (USA). pp. 441-474. Link
  13. Ong, S. Y., Sudesh. (2017) Soil-based and Plant Oil-based Polyhydroxyalkanoates. In Soy-based Bioplastics. V. K. Thakur, M. K. Thakur and M. R. Kessler (Eds.). Smithers Rapra. (UK). pp. 167-200. Link
  14. Heng, K.-S., Y.-F. Lee, L. Thinagaran, J. Y. Chee, P. Murugan, Sudesh. (2017) Biosynthesis of PHAs and their biomedical applications. In Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Biodegradable Materials (Vol. 5). V. K. Thakur, M. K. Thakur and M. R. Kessler (Eds.). John Wiley & Sons (USA). pp. 543-574. Link
  15. Su-Yean Ong, Zainab Ladidi, Sudesh. (2018) Polyhydroxyalkanoates. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Copyright  2018 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. DOI: 10.1002/0471238961.16151225200114.a01.pub3. Link
  16. Hiroe, A., Chek, M.F., Hakoshima, T., Sudesh. S. Taguchi. (2019) Synthesis of polyesters III: Acyltransferase as catalyst, In Enzymatic Polymerization towards Green Polymer Chemistry. Kobayashi, S., Uyama, H. And Kadokawa, J-I. (Eds). Springer (Singapore). pp. 199-232. Link


Others: Publication of DNA sequences in international databases

  1. Sudesh, K., T. Fukui, Y. Doi. 1998. Comamonas acidovorans phaC, phaA gene for PHA synthase, beta-ketothiolase, complete cds. Accession No. AB009273. Database: DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank Link
  2. Chang, C. W, A. Amirul, Sudesh, M. N. Azizan, M. I. A. Majid. 2006. Cupriavidus sp. USMAA24 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. Accession No. DQ351700. Database: GenBank Link
  3. Amirul, A, Sudesh, M. N. Azizan, M. I. A. Majid. 2006. Cupriavidus sp. USMAA1020 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. Accession No. DQ351699. Database: GenBank Link
  4. Bhubalan, K., Kam, Y. C., Yong, K. H., Sudesh, 2009. Chromobacterium sp. 16S ribosomal RNA gene, complete sequence; genomic DNA. Accession No. FJ668944. Database: GenBank Link
  5. Tay, B. Y., Lee C. Y., Sudesh, 2009. Bacillus megaterium isolate MC1 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. Accession No. DQ886480. Database: GenBank Link
  6. Yee, L. N., M. A. Hassan, R. Abdul Rahim, Sudesh, M. L. Chong, L. Y. Phang. 2010. Comamonas sp. EB172 intracellular polyhydroxyalkanoate depolymerase (phaZ) gene, complete cds. Accession No. HM853676. Database: GenBank Link
  7. Bhubalan, K., J. A. Chuah, F. Shozui, C. J. Brigham, S. Taguchi, A. J. Sinskey, C. Rha, Sudesh. 2010. Chromobacterium sp. USM2 intracellular polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase (phaC) gene, complete cds. Accession No. HM989943. Database: GenBank Link
  8. Kek, Y. K., C. W. Chang, A. A. Amirul, Sudesh. 2010. Cupriavidus sp. USMAA2-4 intracellular polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase (phaC) gene, complete cds. Accession No. HQ157196. Database: GenBank Link
  9. Yee, L. N., M. A. Hassan, R. Abdul Rahim, Sudesh, M. L. Chong, L. Y. Phang. 2010. Comamonas sp. EB 172 acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (phaA) gene, cds. Accession No. HQ650140. Database: GenBank Link
  10. Yee, L. N., M. A. Hassan, R. Abdul Rahim, Sudesh, M. L. Chong, L. Y. Phang. 2010. Comamonas sp. EB 172 acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (phaB) gene, cds. Accession No. HQ650141. Database: GenBank Link
  11. Tan, Y., P. C. Neo, N. Najimudin, Sudesh, T. S. Muhammad, A. S. Othman, R. Samian. 2010. Pseudomonas sp. USM4-55 NADPH-dependant acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (phbB), beta-ketothiolase (phbA), PhbC (phbC) and PhbR (phbR) genes, complete cds. Accession No. FJ640090-93. Database: GenBank Link
  12. Tan, Y., P. C. Neo, N. Najimudin, Sudesh, T. S. Muhammad, A. S. Othman, R. Samian. 2010. Pseudomonas sp. USM4-55 PhbC (phbC) gene, complete cds. Accession No. FJ640092. Database: GenBank Link
  13. Yee, L. N., M. A. Hassan, R. Abdul Rahim, Sudesh, M. L. Chong, L. Y. Phang. 2011. Comamonas sp. EB172 poly(R)-hydroxyalkanoic acid synthase (phaC), class I, complete cds. Submission 1440048(2)[1]. Database: GenBank Link
  14. Lau, N. S., Sudesh. 2011. Burkholderia sp. USM polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase (phaC) gene, complete cds. Accession No. JN022533. Database: GenBank Link
  15. Lau, N. S., Sudesh. 2011. Burkholderia sp. USM beta-ketothiolase (phaA) gene, complete cds. Accession No. JN835296. Database: GenBank Link
  16. Lau, N. S., Sudesh. 2011. Burkholderia sp. USM acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (phaB) gene, complete cds. Accession No. JN835297. Database: GenBank Link
  17. Sudesh, K., L. L. Few, M. N. Mohd Azizan, M. I. Abdul Majid, R. Samian and N. Najimudin. Pseudomonas sp. USM 4-55 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. Accession No. HQ659757. Database: GenBank Link
  18. Lau, N. S., Sudesh. 2012. Burkholderia sp. USM polyhydroxyalkanoate synthesis regulatory protein (phaR) gene, complete cds. Accession No. JQ936592. Database: GenBank Link
  19. Foong, C. P., M. Matsui, Sudesh, S. Deguchi, T. Toyofuku. 2014. Uncultured bacterium PHA synthase (phaC) gene, partial cds. Accession No. KF911019.1-KF911073.1. Database: GenBank Link
  20. Foong, C. P., M. Matsui, Sudesh, S. Deguchi, T. Toyofuku. 2014. Uncultured bacterium PHA synthase (phaC) gene, complete cds. Accession No. KF911074.1-KF911076.1. Database: GenBank Link
  21. Ng, L. M., Sudesh. 2015. Aquitalea sp. USM4 polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase (phaC) gene complete cds. Accession No. KR611571. Database: GenBank Link
  22. Ng, L. M., Sudesh. 2015. Aquitalea sp. USM4 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. Accession No. KM610307. Database: GenBank Link
  23. Sudesh, K. Streptomyces sp. CFMR 7 strain CFMR-7, complete genome and plasmid, complete sequence. Accession No. NZ_CP011522-23. Database: GenBank Link
  24. Tai, Y. T., C. P. Foong, N. Najimudin, Sudesh. 2015. Uncultured bacterium clone SC1, 2, 5, 8, 14, 15, 21, 23, 24, 37, 41, 45, 49, 53, 54, 56, 59, 61, 62, 63, 69-71, 73, 75, 76, 79, 80, 82, 84, 85, 87, 89, 90, 92-95, 97, 100, 101, 103, 104, 106, 107, 109-111, 117-119, 121-124, 126, 128, 129, 131, 133, 136, 138, 140, 142, 146, 148, 150, 154-156, 158, 165, 167, 171, 174, 175, 180, 181 PHA synthase (phaC) gene, partial cds. Accession No. KP881518-530, 532-538, 540-558, 560-579, 581, 583, 585-590, 593-601, 603, 604. Database: GenBank Link
  25. Tai, Y. T., C. P. Foong, N. Najimudin, Sudesh. 2015. Uncultured bacterium clone SC52, 67, 98, 132, 135, 137, 151, 153, 177 PHA synthase-like (phaC) gene, partial sequence. Accession No. KP881531, 539, 559, 580, 582, 584, 591, 592, 602. Database: GenBank Link
  26. Arsad, H., Sudesh, N. Nazalan, T. S. Muhammad, H. Wahab, M. R. Samian. 2015. Pseudomonas sp. USM 4-55 R-3-hydroxyacyl-ACP: CoA transferase (phaG) gene, complete cds. Accession No. EU305558.  Database: GenBank Link
  27. Foong, C. P., M. Matsui, Sudesh, S. Deguchi, T. Toyofuku. 2015. Uncultured bacterium clone SW-PhaC-CLS1-GG1, 12, 18 PHA synthase (phaC) gene, complete cds. Accession No. KF911074-76. Database: GenBank Link
  28. Lee, J., Sudesh. 2016. Streptomyces sp. strain P1, C2 and C7, Burkholderia sp. strain P2, Amycolatopsis sp. strain P3 and P4, Burkholderia sp. strain P5, , Streptacidiphilus sp. strain C5, 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. Accession No. KX758055.1-KX758062.1. Database: GenBank Link
  29. Ong, S. Y., Sudesh. 2016. Uncultured bacterium 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. Accession No. KT818948.1-KT819102.1. Database: GenBank Link
  30. Lim, H., Sudesh. 2019. Aquitalea sp. USM4 Chromosome. Accession No. CP029539. Database: GenBank Link
  31. Lim, H. Sudesh. 2019. Aquitalea sp. USM4 Plasmid. Accession No. CP029540        Database: GenBank Link
Publications/ Patents

Ecobiomaterial Laboratory

Lab 409, G09A
School of Biological Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
11800 USM Penang, Malaysia


Ecobiomaterial Laboratory

Lab 409, G09A
School of Biological Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
11800 USM Penang, Malaysia


Publications/ Patents
Publications/ Patents
Publications/ Patents